Emergencies & fragile states
The DAC framework categorises fragile states as follows:
– Arrested development
– Post-conflict transition
– Early recovery
This paper examines how development assistance in these fragile environments can enhance access to quality basic education for the poor and vulnerable, at the same time improving governance and thereby mitigating the risks of fragility, and increasing the effectiveness of future aid.
Section two introduces the concept of turnaround – how a state’s fragility may be sufficiently reduced to allow sustainable pro-poor growth – as well as the ‘rights’ and ‘risks’ considerations that impact donor decision making and effectiveness. Section three examines will and capacity in the education sector; section four explores political economy implications for sequencing and planning; and section five considers how education can support state-building from the bottom up. Section six focuses on aid effectiveness in fragile states, where donor coordination instruments may be needed to sustain transitions to post-emergency support in environments still likely to be fragile. The paper concludes with recommendations.